Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

Update – Swine Flu Pandemic

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

  1. Rio athelete Sudha Singh tested positive for swine flu, not Zika - Hindustan Times -

    Hindustan Times

    Rio athelete Sudha Singh tested positive for swine flu, not Zika
    Hindustan Times
    Rio Olympian and Indian long distance runner Sudha Singh, who was undergoing treatment at a private hospital in Bengaluru for a suspected Zika virus infection, has tested positive for swine flu and will be out of action for at least two months, doctors ...
    Rio Olympics returned Sudha Singh tests positive for swine flu, not ZikaDeccan Chronicle
    Athlete Sudha tests positive for swine fluBusiness Standard
    Sudha Singh Does Not Have Zika, But Tests Positive For Swine FluThe Quint
    Jagran Post
    all 71 news articles »
  2. Eight Human Cases Of Swine Flu Confirmed In Michigan - CBS Local -

    CBS Local

    Eight Human Cases Of Swine Flu Confirmed In Michigan
    CBS Local
    LANSING (WWJ) – The state health department says eight human cases of swine flu have been reported in Michigan. Authorities say all eight patients have tested positive for influenza A H3N2 variant. One person has been hospitalized and since released.
    State confirms eight cases of swine flu in peopleWILX-TV
    8 Sickened with Swine Flu at Michigan County FairsPatch.com
    8 cases of swine flu confirmed in MichiganKRON4.com
    WLNS -WXYZ -News/Talk 94.9 WSJM
    all 29 news articles »
  3. Canfield Fair removing hogs after events to prevent swine flu - WKBN.com -

    WKBN.com

    Canfield Fair removing hogs after events to prevent swine flu
    WKBN.com
    CANFIELD, Ohio (WKBN) – The Canfield Fair says it will remove all hogs from the fairgrounds at the closing of the fair on Thursday, September 1 to prevent the spread of swine flu. The decision was made after recently confirmed cases of swine flu (K3N2) ...
    Pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flufox8.com
    Canfield Fair officials take swine flu precautionsWFMJ
    Canfield Fair to remove hogs early due to swine flu concernsYoungstown Vindicator

    all 7 news articles »
  4. About 20 pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flu ... - The Star Beacon -

    South Bend Tribune

    About 20 pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flu ...
    The Star Beacon
    JEFFERSON — About 20 pigs at the Ashtabula County Fair last week were infected with the swine flu, though thus far there are no confirmed human cases, ...
    20 Cass County Fair pigs deemed to have Swine Flu | Local ...South Bend Tribune
    Swine flu detection prompts reminder about good hygiene at fairs ...Farm and Dairy
    Ashtabula County swine flu raises questions for Canfield Fair ...WFMJ

    all 5 news articles »
  5. Dept. of Health & Human Services investigating swine flu cases in ... - WWMT-TV -

    WWMT-TV

    Dept. of Health & Human Services investigating swine flu cases in ...
    WWMT-TV
    KALAMAZOO, Mich. (NEWSCHANNEL 3) - The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services is responding to a number of swine flu cases in West ...
    Two children infected with swine flu after Clark County FairDayton Daily News
    Two Ohio children get swine flu at county fairNBC4i.com
    5 things to know about swine flu at the Clark County FairSpringfield News Sun

    all 13 news articles »
  6. UPDATE: Swine flu confirmed in Ingham County pig - WILX.com - WILX-TV -

    WILX-TV

    UPDATE: Swine flu confirmed in Ingham County pig - WILX.com
    WILX-TV
    We now know the type of influenza strain that killed a pig at the Ingham County Fair in Mason.

    and more »
  7. First cases of swine flu linked to Muskegon County fair | WZZM13.com - WZZM13.com -

    WZZM13.com

    First cases of swine flu linked to Muskegon County fair | WZZM13.com
    WZZM13.com
    Michigan's first two cases of swine flu for the year can be traced to exhibitors at the Muskegon County Fair.
    Clark County swine flu case brings local caution - Chillicothe GazetteChillicothe Gazette

    all 3 news articles »
  8. Swine flu jab 'most likely' led to narcolepsy in nurse who killed herself – coroner - The Guardian -

    The Guardian

    Swine flu jab 'most likely' led to narcolepsy in nurse who killed herself – coroner
    The Guardian
    A coroner has concluded it is “most likely” that a nursery nurse developed narcolepsy as a result of receiving a swine flu vaccination. Katie Clack, 23, from Peterborough, became depressed after developing the sleep disorder in 2009 and jumped to her ...
    Katie Clack death: Swine flu jab 'gave nurse sleep disorder'BBC News
    Nursery nurse 'killed herself after developing sleep disorder after she received swine flu vaccine'Mirror.co.uk
    Nursery nurse killed herself after developing narcolepsy 'most likely ...The Sun
    The Times (subscription)
    all 16 news articles »
  9. Swine flu sickens Muskegon County Fair exhibitors - WOODTV.com -

    WOODTV.com

    Swine flu sickens Muskegon County Fair exhibitors
    WOODTV.com
    (WOOD) — Health officials have connected Michigan's first cases of swine flu for 2016 to a sick pig at the Muskegon County Fair. State and county health officials say the two confirmed cases of influenza A H3N2 involving swine exhibitors at the fair ...
    Two swine flu cases found in Muskegon CountyWILX-TV
    State's first swine flu cases found in Muskegon County | Fox17Fox17

    all 4 news articles »
  10. Berrien Co. Youth Fair takes steps to prevent swine flu - WNDU.com - WNDU-TV -

    WNDU-TV

    Berrien Co. Youth Fair takes steps to prevent swine flu - WNDU.com
    WNDU-TV
    After three Michigan fairs had cases of influenza in their swine barns this year, officials at the Berrien County Youth Fair have decided to take additional steps to ...

    and more »

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

  1. India - National disaster and epidemic preparedness - Abstract: History provides us several illustrations where epidemic outbreaks have led to biological disasters. Accidental or deliberate release of harmful micro-organisms can also lead to biological disasters. With the advent of bio-terrorism, there is a growing realisation that biological agents can also be used as weapons of mass destruction. The spread of Spanish Influenza of 1917-18, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Swine Flu (H1N1), Avian Influenza (H5N1), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), dengue, chikunguniya, Ebola outbreak in West Africa and the recent Zika outbreak in several countries tested the capacities of the public health delivery system in several countries. (Source: Interna...

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  2. Human temperatures for syndromic surveillance in the emergency department: data from the autumn wave of the 2009 swine flu (H1N1) pandemic and a seasonal influenza outbreak - The emergency department (ED) increasingly acts as a gateway to the evaluation and treatment of acute illnesses. Consequently, it has also become a key testing ground for systems that monitor and identify outb... (Source: BMC Emergency Medicine)
  3. Adjuvant effects of invariant NKT cell ligand potentiates the innate and adaptive immunity to an inactivated H1N1 swine influenza virus vaccine in pigs - In conclusion, we demonstrated for the first time iNKT cell adjuvant effects in pigs to SwIV Ags through augmenting the innate and adaptive immune responses in the respiratory tract. (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
  4. Susceptibility of swine to H5 and H7 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses - ConclusionsLPAI strains from various bird populations within the United States are capable of infecting pigs. Although adaptability and transmission of individual strains seem unlikely, the subclinical nature of the infections demonstrates the need to improve sampling and testing methods to more accurately measure incidence of LPAI virus infection in pigs, and their potential role in human‐zoonotic LPAI virus dynamics.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
  5. Spillback transmission of European H1N1 avian-like swine influenza viruses to turkeys: A strain-dependent possibility? - Publication date: Available online 27 February 2016 Source:Veterinary Microbiology Author(s): Francesco Bonfante, Alice Fusaro, Luca Tassoni, Livia Victoria Patrono, Milani Adelaide, Silvia Maniero, Annalisa Salviato, Calogero Terregino In 1979, an avian influenza virus of the H1N1 subtype began to circulate in European swine herds, rapidly replacing classical swine H1N1 viruses. Spill-back transmissions to turkeys were recorded occasionally, but they might have been underreported due to the asymptomatic nature of the infection and the lack of specific surveillance. In our study, we evaluated the infectivity and transmissibility in turkeys of seven strains of H1N1 avian-like swine viruses isolated from 1979 to 2006, and compared them with their closest progenitor A/duck/Bavaria/1...
  6. Swine flu fibrosis: Regressive or progressive? - Nishtha Singh, Sheetu Singh, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Virendra SinghLung India 2016 33(2):219-221Swine flu influenza had spread the world over in 2009. The main pathology was bilateral pneumonia. Majority of these cases recovered from pneumonia fully. Though in some cases, pulmonary fibrosis was reported as a sequel. However, long-term progression of such pulmonary fibrosis is uncertain. We are hereby reporting two cases of swine flu that showed residual pulmonary fibrosis. The clinical and laboratory parameters were also recorded. In both the cases, radiological shadows and spirometric values did not show deterioration. We conclude that swine flu pulmonary fibrosis is not a progressive condition. (Source: Lung India)

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  7. [Newsdesk] Research brief - Flying pig skins have been linked to influenza deaths in the USA. Not because of a hybrid of swine and bird flu, but the finding that people living in cities with a team in the Super Bowl have an increased risk of death from influenza. Researchers looked at county-level statistics between 1974 and 2009 and saw an average 18% increase in influenza deaths in people older than 65 years. The suspected reason behind the increased risk is that people host get-togethers to watch the games, sneezing, coughing, and sharing chips and dips with more people than they usually would. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
  8. Genetic characterization of an adapted pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza virus that reveals improved replication rates in human lung epithelial cells. - Authors: Wörmann X, Lesch M, Welke RW, Okonechnikov K, Abdurishid M, Sieben C, Geissner A, Brinkmann V, Kastner M, Karner A, Zhu R, Hinterdorfer P, Anish C, Seeberger PH, Herrmann A, Meyer TF, Karlas A Abstract The 2009 influenza pandemic originated from a swine-origin H1N1 virus, which, although less pathogenic than anticipated, may acquire additional virulence-associated mutations in the future. To estimate the potential risk, we sequentially passaged the isolate A/Hamburg/04/2009 in A549 human lung epithelial cells. After passage 6, we observed a 100-fold increased replication rate. High-throughput sequencing of viral gene segments identified five dominant mutations, whose contribution to the enhanced growth was analyzed by reverse genetics. The increased replication rate was p...
  9. Profile of the porcine acute-phase proteins response following experimental co-infection with H3N2 swine influenza virus and Pasteurella multocida. - CONCLUSIONS: Maximal concentration of serum amyloid A correlated with the disease severity in pigs. PMID: 26161700 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Biomarkers)
  10. Swine alveolar macrophage cell model allows optimal replication of influenza A viruses regardless of their origin. - Authors: Kasloff SB, Weingartl HM Abstract The importance of pigs in interspecies transmission of influenza A viruses has been repeatedly demonstrated over the last century. Eleven influenza A viruses from avian, human and swine hosts were evaluated for replication phenotypes at three physiologically relevant temperatures (41°C, 37°C, 33°C) in an immortalized swine pulmonary alveolar macrophage cell line (IPAM 3D4/31) to determine whether this system would allow for their efficient replication. All isolates replicated well in IPAMs at 37°C while clear distinctions were observed at 41°C and 33°C, correlating to species of origin of the PB2, reflected in distinct amino acid residue profiles rather than in one particular PB2 residue. A strong TNF-α response was induced by some ...
  11. Three in hospital with influenza strain responsible for swine flu - Two other cases suspected in Wexford hospital, as HSE says H1N1 virus is circulating (Source: The Irish Times - Health)

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  12. Two in hospital with influenza strain responsible for swine flu - Patients being treated at Wexford hospital, HSE says H1N1 strain is circulating this year (Source: The Irish Times - Health)
  13. Detection of Influenza D Virus among Swine and Cattle, Italy. - Authors: Chiapponi C, Faccini S, De Mattia A, Baioni L, Barbieri I, Rosignoli C, Nigrelli A, Foni E PMID: 26812282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
  14. Two patients in hospital in Scotland after contracting SWINE FLU - The patients, who have been diagnosed with the H1N1 strain of influenza, are being kept under observation at Wishaw General Hospital in North Lanarkshire, hospital officials confirmed today. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
  15. Co-infection of classic swine H1N1 influenza virus in pigs persistently infected with porcine rubulavirus - In conclusion, the results obtained confirm an increase in the clinical signs of infection, and PorPV was observed to impact the spread of swH1N1 in analysed tissues in the early stage of co-infection, although viral shedding was not enhanced. In the present study, the interaction of swH1N1 infection is demonstrated in pigs persistently infected with PorPV. (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)

pandemicflu.gov

CDC

Syndicated from http://www.www.pandemicflu.gov – Swine Flu Virus Pandemic.

  1. HHS Boosts National Capacity to Produce Pandemic Flu Vaccine - To boost the nation’s ability to manufacture influenza vaccine quickly in a pandemic, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services today established a fill and finish manufacturing network, which will cover the final steps in the vaccine manufacturing process.
  2. CDC Health Advisory: Variant Influenza Virus (H3N2v) Infections - This Health Alert Network Health Advisory provides an update on H3N2 variant virus (or “H3N2v”) activity and summarizes CDC’s updated H3N2v case definitions and recommendations for H3N2v surveillance for the summer and fall of 2013. It supersedes the last H3N2v-related HAN Health Advisory, HAN 325, which was issued August 3, 2012.
  3. Flu in Pregnancy may Quadruple Child’s Risk for Bipolar Disorder - Pregnant mothers’ exposure to the flu was associated with a nearly fourfold increased risk that their child would develop bipolar disorder in adulthood, in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
  4. H7N9 Situation and CDC Response Update - Sporadic human cases of infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) continue to be reported in China, but the increase in case counts has fallen off from the month of April, when multiple cases were being reported each day.
  5. New Study by Chinese and CDC Experts Shows H7N9 Illness Uncommon in China - A study by CDC and Chinese public health experts published on May 8, 2013, indicates that human infections with the H7N9 virus remain very rare in China among people seeking medical care for influenza-like illness (ILI).
  6. NIH-Supported Researchers Glean Clues from H7N9 Influenza Genetic Sequences - The novel H7N9 avian influenza virus that has caused illness and death of people in China in recent weeks has characteristics known to cause severe disease in mammals, including people, but it is premature to predict its potential for causing an influenza pandemic, according to researchers in the United States and Japan who evaluated the virus’ genetic sequences.
  7. HHS Awards Contract for Advanced Development of Novel Flu Treatment - A new drug to help address the growing problem of antiviral drug resistance and add to the tools available to fight pandemic and seasonal influenza will be developed under a contract awarded today by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  8. Statement from Assistant Secretary Nicole Lurie on FDA approval of new influenza vaccine manufactured with novel technology - Our nation has reached a landmark in influenza vaccine history with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s approval of a new seasonal flu vaccine, called Flublok, made with novel technology.
  9. H1N2 Variant Virus Detected in Minnesota - The Minnesota Department of Health has reported detection of 3 infections with an influenza A H1N2 variant (“H1N2v”) virus with the pandemic M gene from the 2009 H1N1 virus.
  10. CDC Reports More Cases, Hospitalizations and Nation’s First H3N2v-Associated Death - Today, CDC is reporting 12 additional cases of H3N2 variant virus (H3N2v) infection, as well as the first H3N2v-associated death, which was reported by the state of Ohio.
  11. H3N2v Update: New Cases Reported, Limited Person-to-Person Transmission Detected - Today, 52 additional cases of H3N2v are being reported, bringing the total number of such infections since July 2012 in the United States to 276 across 10 states.
  12. More H3N2v Cases Reported, Still Linked to Pig Exposure - Today, 71 additional cases of H3N2v are being reported, bringing the total number of such infections since July 2012 in the United States to 224.
  13. FDA Approves Vaccines for the 2012-2013 Influenza Season - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today that it has approved the 2012-2013 influenza (flu) vaccine formulation for all six manufacturers licensed to produce and distribute the vaccines in the United States.
  14. CDC Reports Cases 18-29 of H3N2v Virus Infection; Continues to Recommend Interim Precautions When Interacting with Pigs - This week CDC reports 12 additional human infections with influenza A (H3N2) variant* virus in 3 states.
  15. CDC Reports Cases 14-17 of H3N2v Infection; Shares Advice for Safe Fair-Going - The state of Indiana this week reported the first novel influenza virus outbreak associated with a fair this season. Following reports of ill swine and humans during a fair in Indiana from July 8-14, samples were taken from swine and humans.

CDC Swine Flu Update

CDC

Syndicated from http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/ – Swine Flu Virus Pandemic.

WHO – World Health Organization

Syndicated from http://www.who.int – Swine Flu Virus Pandemic.

  1. Influenza update - 03 June 2011
  2. Influenza update - 20 May 2011
  3. Influenza update - 06 May 2011
  4. Influenza update - 21 April 2011
  5. Influenza update - 08 April 2011
  6. Influenza update - 25 March 2011
  7. Influenza update - 11 March 2011
  8. Influenza update - 25 February 2011
  9. Influenza update - 11 February 2011
  10. - FluID is a global platform for data sharing that will link regional influenza epidemiological data into a single global database.
    The platform provides connections between existing databases and can also be used to directly enter data through a web-based interface, if desired.
    It complements the existing virological data collection tool FluNet.

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

  1. Rio athelete Sudha Singh tested positive for swine flu, not Zika - Hindustan Times -

    Hindustan Times

    Rio athelete Sudha Singh tested positive for swine flu, not Zika
    Hindustan Times
    Rio Olympian and Indian long distance runner Sudha Singh, who was undergoing treatment at a private hospital in Bengaluru for a suspected Zika virus infection, has tested positive for swine flu and will be out of action for at least two months, doctors ...
    Rio Olympics returned Sudha Singh tests positive for swine flu, not ZikaDeccan Chronicle
    Athlete Sudha tests positive for swine fluBusiness Standard
    Sudha Singh Does Not Have Zika, But Tests Positive For Swine FluThe Quint
    Jagran Post
    all 71 news articles »
  2. Eight Human Cases Of Swine Flu Confirmed In Michigan - CBS Local -

    CBS Local

    Eight Human Cases Of Swine Flu Confirmed In Michigan
    CBS Local
    LANSING (WWJ) – The state health department says eight human cases of swine flu have been reported in Michigan. Authorities say all eight patients have tested positive for influenza A H3N2 variant. One person has been hospitalized and since released.
    State confirms eight cases of swine flu in peopleWILX-TV
    8 Sickened with Swine Flu at Michigan County FairsPatch.com
    8 cases of swine flu confirmed in MichiganKRON4.com
    WLNS -WXYZ -News/Talk 94.9 WSJM
    all 29 news articles »
  3. Canfield Fair removing hogs after events to prevent swine flu - WKBN.com -

    WKBN.com

    Canfield Fair removing hogs after events to prevent swine flu
    WKBN.com
    CANFIELD, Ohio (WKBN) – The Canfield Fair says it will remove all hogs from the fairgrounds at the closing of the fair on Thursday, September 1 to prevent the spread of swine flu. The decision was made after recently confirmed cases of swine flu (K3N2) ...
    Pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flufox8.com
    Canfield Fair officials take swine flu precautionsWFMJ
    Canfield Fair to remove hogs early due to swine flu concernsYoungstown Vindicator

    all 7 news articles »
  4. About 20 pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flu ... - The Star Beacon -

    South Bend Tribune

    About 20 pigs at Ashtabula County Fair test positive for swine flu ...
    The Star Beacon
    JEFFERSON — About 20 pigs at the Ashtabula County Fair last week were infected with the swine flu, though thus far there are no confirmed human cases, ...
    20 Cass County Fair pigs deemed to have Swine Flu | Local ...South Bend Tribune
    Swine flu detection prompts reminder about good hygiene at fairs ...Farm and Dairy
    Ashtabula County swine flu raises questions for Canfield Fair ...WFMJ

    all 5 news articles »
  5. Dept. of Health & Human Services investigating swine flu cases in ... - WWMT-TV -

    WWMT-TV

    Dept. of Health & Human Services investigating swine flu cases in ...
    WWMT-TV
    KALAMAZOO, Mich. (NEWSCHANNEL 3) - The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services is responding to a number of swine flu cases in West ...
    Two children infected with swine flu after Clark County FairDayton Daily News
    Two Ohio children get swine flu at county fairNBC4i.com
    5 things to know about swine flu at the Clark County FairSpringfield News Sun

    all 13 news articles »
  6. UPDATE: Swine flu confirmed in Ingham County pig - WILX.com - WILX-TV -

    WILX-TV

    UPDATE: Swine flu confirmed in Ingham County pig - WILX.com
    WILX-TV
    We now know the type of influenza strain that killed a pig at the Ingham County Fair in Mason.

    and more »
  7. First cases of swine flu linked to Muskegon County fair | WZZM13.com - WZZM13.com -

    WZZM13.com

    First cases of swine flu linked to Muskegon County fair | WZZM13.com
    WZZM13.com
    Michigan's first two cases of swine flu for the year can be traced to exhibitors at the Muskegon County Fair.
    Clark County swine flu case brings local caution - Chillicothe GazetteChillicothe Gazette

    all 3 news articles »
  8. Swine flu jab 'most likely' led to narcolepsy in nurse who killed herself – coroner - The Guardian -

    The Guardian

    Swine flu jab 'most likely' led to narcolepsy in nurse who killed herself – coroner
    The Guardian
    A coroner has concluded it is “most likely” that a nursery nurse developed narcolepsy as a result of receiving a swine flu vaccination. Katie Clack, 23, from Peterborough, became depressed after developing the sleep disorder in 2009 and jumped to her ...
    Katie Clack death: Swine flu jab 'gave nurse sleep disorder'BBC News
    Nursery nurse 'killed herself after developing sleep disorder after she received swine flu vaccine'Mirror.co.uk
    Nursery nurse killed herself after developing narcolepsy 'most likely ...The Sun
    The Times (subscription)
    all 16 news articles »
  9. Swine flu sickens Muskegon County Fair exhibitors - WOODTV.com -

    WOODTV.com

    Swine flu sickens Muskegon County Fair exhibitors
    WOODTV.com
    (WOOD) — Health officials have connected Michigan's first cases of swine flu for 2016 to a sick pig at the Muskegon County Fair. State and county health officials say the two confirmed cases of influenza A H3N2 involving swine exhibitors at the fair ...
    Two swine flu cases found in Muskegon CountyWILX-TV
    State's first swine flu cases found in Muskegon County | Fox17Fox17

    all 4 news articles »
  10. Berrien Co. Youth Fair takes steps to prevent swine flu - WNDU.com - WNDU-TV -

    WNDU-TV

    Berrien Co. Youth Fair takes steps to prevent swine flu - WNDU.com
    WNDU-TV
    After three Michigan fairs had cases of influenza in their swine barns this year, officials at the Berrien County Youth Fair have decided to take additional steps to ...

    and more »

Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

  1. India - National disaster and epidemic preparedness - Abstract: History provides us several illustrations where epidemic outbreaks have led to biological disasters. Accidental or deliberate release of harmful micro-organisms can also lead to biological disasters. With the advent of bio-terrorism, there is a growing realisation that biological agents can also be used as weapons of mass destruction. The spread of Spanish Influenza of 1917-18, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Swine Flu (H1N1), Avian Influenza (H5N1), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), dengue, chikunguniya, Ebola outbreak in West Africa and the recent Zika outbreak in several countries tested the capacities of the public health delivery system in several countries. (Source: Interna...

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  2. Human temperatures for syndromic surveillance in the emergency department: data from the autumn wave of the 2009 swine flu (H1N1) pandemic and a seasonal influenza outbreak - The emergency department (ED) increasingly acts as a gateway to the evaluation and treatment of acute illnesses. Consequently, it has also become a key testing ground for systems that monitor and identify outb... (Source: BMC Emergency Medicine)
  3. Adjuvant effects of invariant NKT cell ligand potentiates the innate and adaptive immunity to an inactivated H1N1 swine influenza virus vaccine in pigs - In conclusion, we demonstrated for the first time iNKT cell adjuvant effects in pigs to SwIV Ags through augmenting the innate and adaptive immune responses in the respiratory tract. (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
  4. Susceptibility of swine to H5 and H7 low pathogenic avian influenza viruses - ConclusionsLPAI strains from various bird populations within the United States are capable of infecting pigs. Although adaptability and transmission of individual strains seem unlikely, the subclinical nature of the infections demonstrates the need to improve sampling and testing methods to more accurately measure incidence of LPAI virus infection in pigs, and their potential role in human‐zoonotic LPAI virus dynamics.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
  5. Spillback transmission of European H1N1 avian-like swine influenza viruses to turkeys: A strain-dependent possibility? - Publication date: Available online 27 February 2016 Source:Veterinary Microbiology Author(s): Francesco Bonfante, Alice Fusaro, Luca Tassoni, Livia Victoria Patrono, Milani Adelaide, Silvia Maniero, Annalisa Salviato, Calogero Terregino In 1979, an avian influenza virus of the H1N1 subtype began to circulate in European swine herds, rapidly replacing classical swine H1N1 viruses. Spill-back transmissions to turkeys were recorded occasionally, but they might have been underreported due to the asymptomatic nature of the infection and the lack of specific surveillance. In our study, we evaluated the infectivity and transmissibility in turkeys of seven strains of H1N1 avian-like swine viruses isolated from 1979 to 2006, and compared them with their closest progenitor A/duck/Bavaria/1...
  6. Swine flu fibrosis: Regressive or progressive? - Nishtha Singh, Sheetu Singh, Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Virendra SinghLung India 2016 33(2):219-221Swine flu influenza had spread the world over in 2009. The main pathology was bilateral pneumonia. Majority of these cases recovered from pneumonia fully. Though in some cases, pulmonary fibrosis was reported as a sequel. However, long-term progression of such pulmonary fibrosis is uncertain. We are hereby reporting two cases of swine flu that showed residual pulmonary fibrosis. The clinical and laboratory parameters were also recorded. In both the cases, radiological shadows and spirometric values did not show deterioration. We conclude that swine flu pulmonary fibrosis is not a progressive condition. (Source: Lung India)

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  7. [Newsdesk] Research brief - Flying pig skins have been linked to influenza deaths in the USA. Not because of a hybrid of swine and bird flu, but the finding that people living in cities with a team in the Super Bowl have an increased risk of death from influenza. Researchers looked at county-level statistics between 1974 and 2009 and saw an average 18% increase in influenza deaths in people older than 65 years. The suspected reason behind the increased risk is that people host get-togethers to watch the games, sneezing, coughing, and sharing chips and dips with more people than they usually would. (Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases)
  8. Genetic characterization of an adapted pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza virus that reveals improved replication rates in human lung epithelial cells. - Authors: Wörmann X, Lesch M, Welke RW, Okonechnikov K, Abdurishid M, Sieben C, Geissner A, Brinkmann V, Kastner M, Karner A, Zhu R, Hinterdorfer P, Anish C, Seeberger PH, Herrmann A, Meyer TF, Karlas A Abstract The 2009 influenza pandemic originated from a swine-origin H1N1 virus, which, although less pathogenic than anticipated, may acquire additional virulence-associated mutations in the future. To estimate the potential risk, we sequentially passaged the isolate A/Hamburg/04/2009 in A549 human lung epithelial cells. After passage 6, we observed a 100-fold increased replication rate. High-throughput sequencing of viral gene segments identified five dominant mutations, whose contribution to the enhanced growth was analyzed by reverse genetics. The increased replication rate was p...
  9. Profile of the porcine acute-phase proteins response following experimental co-infection with H3N2 swine influenza virus and Pasteurella multocida. - CONCLUSIONS: Maximal concentration of serum amyloid A correlated with the disease severity in pigs. PMID: 26161700 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Biomarkers)
  10. Swine alveolar macrophage cell model allows optimal replication of influenza A viruses regardless of their origin. - Authors: Kasloff SB, Weingartl HM Abstract The importance of pigs in interspecies transmission of influenza A viruses has been repeatedly demonstrated over the last century. Eleven influenza A viruses from avian, human and swine hosts were evaluated for replication phenotypes at three physiologically relevant temperatures (41°C, 37°C, 33°C) in an immortalized swine pulmonary alveolar macrophage cell line (IPAM 3D4/31) to determine whether this system would allow for their efficient replication. All isolates replicated well in IPAMs at 37°C while clear distinctions were observed at 41°C and 33°C, correlating to species of origin of the PB2, reflected in distinct amino acid residue profiles rather than in one particular PB2 residue. A strong TNF-α response was induced by some ...
  11. Three in hospital with influenza strain responsible for swine flu - Two other cases suspected in Wexford hospital, as HSE says H1N1 virus is circulating (Source: The Irish Times - Health)

    MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.

  12. Two in hospital with influenza strain responsible for swine flu - Patients being treated at Wexford hospital, HSE says H1N1 strain is circulating this year (Source: The Irish Times - Health)
  13. Detection of Influenza D Virus among Swine and Cattle, Italy. - Authors: Chiapponi C, Faccini S, De Mattia A, Baioni L, Barbieri I, Rosignoli C, Nigrelli A, Foni E PMID: 26812282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
  14. Two patients in hospital in Scotland after contracting SWINE FLU - The patients, who have been diagnosed with the H1N1 strain of influenza, are being kept under observation at Wishaw General Hospital in North Lanarkshire, hospital officials confirmed today. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
  15. Co-infection of classic swine H1N1 influenza virus in pigs persistently infected with porcine rubulavirus - In conclusion, the results obtained confirm an increase in the clinical signs of infection, and PorPV was observed to impact the spread of swH1N1 in analysed tissues in the early stage of co-infection, although viral shedding was not enhanced. In the present study, the interaction of swH1N1 infection is demonstrated in pigs persistently infected with PorPV. (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)

W.H.O. Raises level to 5

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W.H.O. Raises Alert level to 5

W.H.O. today raised the level of the SWINE FLU to “PANDEMIC IMMINENET” , according to W.H.O. “All of humanity under threat during pandemic”

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29 April 2009 — The situation continues to evolve rapidly. As of 18:00 GMT, 29 April 2009, nine countries have officially reported 148 cases of swine influenza A/H1N1 infection http://homepage.westmont.edu/make_account/images/pic/adobe-cs6.html. The United States Government has reported 91 laboratory confirmed human cases, with one death. Mexico has reported 26 confirmed human cases of infection including seven deaths.

The following countries have reported laboratory confirmed cases with no deaths – Austria (1), Canada (13), Germany (3), Israel (2), New Zealand (3), Spain (4) and the United Kingdom (5).

Further information on the situation will be available on the WHO website on a regular basis.

WHO advises no restriction of regular travel or closure of borders. It is considered prudent for people who are ill to delay international travel and for people developing symptoms following international travel to seek medical attention, in line with guidance from national authorities.

There is also no risk of infection from this virus from consumption of well-cooked pork and pork products. Individuals are advised to wash hands thoroughly with soap and water on a regular basis and should seek medical attention if they develop any symptoms of influenza-like illness.

73 cases of swine flu confirmed; hundreds more feared

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(CNN) — Seventy-three cases of swine flu have been confirmed worldwide, the World Health Organization said Monday.

Forty of those cases are in the United States, 26 in Mexico, six in Canada and one in Spain, a WHO representative said.

Later Monday, health officials in Scotland said two cases of swine flu had been confirmed there.

Hundreds more cases are suspected, especially in Mexico, where as many as 103 deaths are thought to have been caused by the virus, the country’s health minister said. More than 2,000 cases have been reported but not confirmed in the country.

Federal officials confirmed 20 new U.S http://www.preventforschools.org/sha/acheter-viagra-en-ligne.html. cases on Monday.

A federal official said they were at the same school in New York in which eight U.S. cases were confirmed earlier. More than 100 students at the school were out with flu-like symptoms last week.

The outbreak is a particular concern because of who it is hitting hard, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Monday.

“We are concerned that in Mexico, most of those who died were young and healthy adults,” he said.

CDC

Swine Flu in San Diego, Kansas, Texas, Maybe NY

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California Department of Public Health confirms a seventh case of swine flu in the state — and it’s the third in Imperial County.

A 35 year old woman was hospitalized April 4, she recovered and was later released.

At least two cases of the human swine influenza were also confirmed in Kansas Saturday, bringing the U.S. total to 12.

At least eight more are suspected in students at a New York City high school, but health officials say they don’t know whether they have the same virus that has killed scores of people in Mexico.

A strain of the flu has killed as many as 68 people and sickened more than 1,000 across Mexico. The World Health Organization chief says the strain has “pandemic potential” and it may be too late to contain a sudden outbreak.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta says besides the two confirmed cases in Kansas, there are nine in California and Texas.

To date, four cases of swine flu have been reported in San Diego County.

  • A 7-year-old male (Friday)
  • A 54-year-old male and his 16-year-old daughter (Thursday)
  • A 10-year-old male (Tuesday)

All have recovered. Officials say none were exposed to pigs, which is the typical way swine flu is transmitted.

“We have heightened our surveillance and put area healthcare providers on alert. This will most likely generate additional cases of human infection with swine influenza,” Wilma Wooten, M.D., M.P.H., County Public Health Officer said Saturday.

The public is being advised to follow typical precautions, as they should during a regular flu season.

“If you are sick, do not go to work, school or travel. Cover your mouth when coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose, and wash your hands frequently,” Wooten said cialis online india.

In Mexico, authorities have closed schools, museums, libraries and theaters in the capital to try to contain an outbreak that has spurred concerns of a global flu epidemic.

A hot line fielded 2,366 calls in its first hours from frightened city residents who suspected they might have the disease. Soldiers and health workers handed out masks at subway stops, and hospitals dealt with crowds of people seeking help.

This virus is a mix of human, pig and bird strains that prompted WHO to meet Saturday to consider declaring an international public health emergency — a step that could lead to travel advisories, trade restrictions and border closures. Spokesman Gregory Hartl said a decision would not be made Saturday.

The CDC and Canadian health officials were studying samples sent from Mexico, and airports around the world were screening passengers from Mexico for symptoms of the new flu strain, saying they may quarantine passengers.

But CDC officials dismissed the idea of trying that in the United States, and some experts said it’s too late to try to contain spread of the virus.

They noted there had been no direct contact between the cases in the San Diego and San Antonio areas, suggesting the virus had already spread from one geographic area through other undiagnosed people.

Testing indicates some mainstream antiviral medications seem to work against the virus. The CDC is checking people who have been in contact with the confirmed cases, who all became ill between late March and mid-April.

Health experts say the last recorded death from swine flu in the U.S. was in 1976 and what is significant to the cases here is not the severity, but the strain.

“This is the very first time that it has been detected,” Wooten, M.D., M.P.H said.  And with all the attention, she says it’s unlikely this is the last of it.  “We definitely expect to find more because we’re asking doctors to test.”

Doctors say symptoms of this flu include fever, sore throat, coughing and nausea.

The CDC says two flu drugs, Tamiflu and Relenza, seem effective against the new strain. Roche, the maker of Tamiflu, said the company is prepared to immediately deploy a stockpile of the drug if requested. Both drugs must be taken early, within a few days of the onset of symptoms, to be most effective.

Get more information about swine flu on the San Diego County “Swine Flu and You” Web page.

Swine Flu Outbreak Beyond Containment; Deaths Mount in Mexico, California, Texas

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